With first settlement of the area dating back to the 1830s, Beeville has experienced population growth and decline throughout the years with the oil and gas boom, and Naval Air Station that was in various operation capacities from 1943 to 1992. With its close proximity to major South Texas destinations, Beeville has quickly evolved into a regional retail hub for economic activity to surrounding communities.
In 1922, the Rialto Theater, one of Beeville's structures designed by New York architect, W. C. Stephenson, opened with the silent film, the Three Musketeers. The theater is still standing, now used for special occasions. Other cultural attractions include the state-of-the-art Joe Barnhart Bee County Library and the annual concert season hosted by the Beeville Concert Association. Beeville offers a 9-hole golf course at the Beeville Country Club and a tradition of celebrations including the Junior Livestock Show and Sale, a Diez Y Seiz Festival commemorating its rich Hispanic heritage, and Western Week celebration.